A thread on today's SXS preprint: https://t.co/ry9i6UtSSG
An Elementary Particle which makes up the Neutron and the Proton, as well as many more exotic particles. These particles are Fermions, and have charges of either 2/3 as much as an electron's charge, or -1/3. They come in "flavors" of up, down, strange, charmed, bottom, and top, as well is in "colors" of red green and blue. The "flavor" and "color" are just fanciful names given to describe intrinsic properties of these particles — similar to charge, mass, or spin.