#NobelPrize awarded for detection of gravitational waves! 🌀 SXS co-founder Kip Thorne among the three winners.

The following table lists some binary-black-hole (BBH) cases that we have evolved with the SXS collaboration's Spectral Einstein Code (SpEC), grouped into non-spinning, non-precessing and generic configurations. For the initial spin parameters **S**_{1}/*M*_{1}^{2} and **S**_{2}/*M*_{2}^{2}, the *z* direction is parallel to the orbital angular momentum. In the "Merger" column, "Yes" means the simulation has evolved until the merged hole settles into its final state; otherwise the simulation has stopped about one orbit before merger. Click on the numbers in the "References" column to view the corresponding arXiv eprints.

Case | M_{2}/M_{1} | S_{1}/M_{1}^{2} | S_{2}/M_{2}^{2} | N_{orbits} | Merger? | References | Comments |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

N1 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 16 | Yes | 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 | a |

N2 | 2 | 0 | 0 | 15 | Yes | 4, 5 | a, b |

N3 | 3 | 0 | 0 | 15 | - | 4, 5 | a, b |

N4 | 4 | 0 | 0 | 15 | - | 5 | a |

N5 | 6 | 0 | 0 | 8 | Yes | 5 | a |

N6 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 17 | - | ||

S1 | 1 | 0 | 0.5e_{z} |
15 | - | c | |

S2 | 3 | 0 | 0.5e_{z} |
14 | - | c | |

S3 | 1 | -0.4e_{z} |
-0.4e_{z} |
11 | Yes | 5, 6 | a |

S4 | 1 | 0.4e_{z} |
0.4e_{z} |
15 | Yes | 5 | a |

S5 | 1 | 0.1e_{z} |
0.1e_{z} |
18 | - | ||

S6 | 1 | 0.2e_{z} |
0.2e_{z} |
19 | - | ||

S7 | 1 | 0.3e_{z} |
0.3e_{z} |
19 | - | ||

S8 | 1 | 0.5e_{z} |
0 | 15 | - | ||

G1 | 1 | -0.5e_{x} |
-0.5e_{z} |
6.5 | - | precessing | |

G2 | 2 | 0.2(e_{z}-e_{x})/√2 |
-0.4(e_{z}+e_{y})/√2 |
8.5 | Yes | 5, See below | generic |

G3 | 5 | 0.24e_{x}-0.19e_{y}-0.148e_{z} |
0 | 6 | - | generic, d | |

G4 | 2.9622 | 0.24e_{x}-0.19e_{y}-0.148e_{z} |
-0.158e_{x}+0.370e_{y}-0.045e_{z} |
6.25 | - | generic, d | |

G5 | 2 | -0.349e_{x}-0.446e_{y}+0.565e_{z} |
0 | 3 | - | generic, |S_{1}/M_{1}^{2}|=0.8, d |

**Comments**

- We and collaborators are currently using this simulation’s numerical-relativity waveform to underpin the effective-one-body parametrized analytical ﬁt (Buonanno et. al.) and also the phenomenological parametrized analytical fit (Chen, Hannam, Husa, Parmeswaran) for future LIGO data analysis.
- An earlier 8-orbit version of this run has been used for calibrating EOB waveforms to numerical-relativity waveforms in Buonanno et al [Phys. Rev. D
**79**, 124028 (2009), arXiv:0902.0790]. - These ongoing runs are expected to proceed through about 15 orbits before merger.
- These simulations are being used as test cases for automating the process of generating initial data, interpolating onto the evolution grid, and evolving through inspiral, merger, and ringdown.

M_{2}/M_{1} | S_{1}/M_{1}^{2} | S_{2}/M_{2}^{2} | N_{orbits} |
---|---|---|---|

2 | 0.2 (e_{z} - e_{x})/√2 |
-0.4 (e_{z} + e_{y})/√2 |
8.25 |

The following plots illustrate some of the features of case G2, which is an evolution of generic binary-black-hole initial data. The initial masses and spins for this simulation are summarized in the above table. The total number of orbits for this simulation is also shown.

The trajectories of hole 1 (blue) and hole 2 (red). Specifically, the centers of the apparent horizons in the asymptotically inertial coordinates of the simulation. The *z*=0 plane is shaded translucent gray; portions of the trajectories below *z*=0 then appear darker than portions of the curves that are above *z*=0.

The evolution of the spin directions for hole 1 (blue) and hole 2 (red). The tips of unit vectors (in the asymptotically inertial coordinates used in the simulation) trace out paths on the unit sphere (translucent gray).

The mass ratio and dimensionless spins are nearly constant throughout the 8.25 orbits of the inspiral shown here (with the merger occurring shortly thereafter). The axes are normalized by the total Arnowitt–Deser–Misner (ADM) mass of the system.

The separation of the holes decreases by about a factor of two throughout the simulation.

The individual and common apparent horizons are shown just after the common horizon forms. The wireframe mesh is colored by the value of the lapse.

The SXS project is a collaborative research effort involving multiple institutions. Our goal is the simulation of black holes and other extreme spacetimes to gain a better understanding of Relativity, and the physics of exotic objects in the distant cosmos.

The SXS project is supported by Canada Research Chairs, CFI, CIfAR, Compute Canada, Max Planck Society, NASA, NSERC, the NSF, Ontario MEDI, the Sherman Fairchild Foundation, and XSEDE.

#NobelPrize awarded for detection of gravitational waves! 🌀 SXS co-founder Kip Thorne among the three winners.